World J Surg. May-Jun;17(3) Diagnosis and treatment of jejunoileal atresia. Touloukian RJ(1). Author information: (1)Department of Surgery, Yale. Jejunoileal atresias and stenoses are major causes of neonatal intestinal obstruction. Atresia—derived from the Greek components a- . Jejunal Atresia is a rare genetic disorder. Patients with this disorder are born with a partial absence of the fold of the stomach membrane that connects the small.

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This is a procedure that examines the rectum, large intestine and lower part of the small intestine.


Standard Therapies Jejunal Atresia can be determined prenatally by testing the amniotic fluid. Surgery, to repair the intestinal obstruction, is performed as soon as possible after delivery.

Investigational Therapies Research on birth defects and their causes is ongoing. They are named duodenum, jejunum and ileum. Cystic fibrosis is also an associated disorder and may seriously complicate the management of jejunoileal atresia.

Abdominal Pain Stomach Ache. Related Disorders Symptoms of the following disorders can be similar to those of Jejunal Atresia. It is hoped that this new knowledge will lead to prevention and treatment of birth defects in the future. This article does not provide medical advice. Download Our Mobile Apps. It is particularly useful in cases where there is an upper intestinal obstruction pyloric or duodenal atresia.

This often leads to a significantly shortened intestinal length that may result in long-term nutritional deficiencies or the short gut syndrome. About News Events Contact.

In this condition, because of agenesis of the mesentery, the distal small bowel comes straight off the caecum and twists around the marginal artery, suggesting a maypole, a Christmas tree, or an apple peel at operation.


During the period of bowel inactivity, nutrition is provided intravenously. The blockage is created by a membrane web present on the inner aspect of the intestine.

Pyloric Atresia Pyloric atresia involves an obstruction at the pylorus, which is the passage linking the stomach and the first portion of the small intestine duodenum.

Duodenal atresia and stenosis are managed by connecting the blocked segment of duodenum to the portion of duodenum just beyond the obstruction. Intestinal atresia is a malformation where there is a narrowing or absence of a portion of the intestine.

There are three types of duodenal atresia.

Once the intestinal function is normalized, jekunoileal is provided orally or through a feeding tube. Causes Jejunal Atresia may be inherited as an autosomal recessive trait, or it may occur sporadically with no known cause. Infants with jejunoileal atresia should be screened for cystic fibrosis. This procedure is suggested in cases when a sibling has been born with the disorder.

Rare Disease Database

atresix Abdominal X-rays reveal an air-filled stomach but no air in the remaining intestinal tract. J Pediatr Surg ; The frequencies, symptoms and methods of diagnosis differ depending on the site of intestinal involvement.

Thank you for updating your details. In the immediate to jejuoileal postoperative period, intestinal contents may leak at the suture line where the ends of the bowel were sewn together.

Other treatment is symptomatic and supportive. Jejunoilea, these conditions may involve any portion of the gastrointestinal tract, the small bowel is the most commonly affected portion. It also provides babies with some comfort as abdominal swelling is relieved. Intestinal atresias are often discovered before birth: It is connected to a smaller caliber segment of the intestine by a fibrous scar.


Intestinal Atresia and Stenosis | Treatment, Diagnosis, and Outlook

In most cases, this can establish a diagnosis. Medicare for Chiropractic Care: Colonic Atresia Babies with colonic atresia may undergo removal of the enlarged dilated colon in addition to a temporary colostomy.

Clinical Synopsis Toggle Dropdown.

Please consider making a donation now and again in the future. It is sometimes compared to an apple peel in appearance.

Genetic counseling may be of benefit for patients and their families. About Blog Go ad-free. This procedure examines the organs of the upper part of the digestive system. Removing air and fluid from the intestinal tract can prevent vomiting and aspiration, and reduce the risk of bowel perforation.

There can be multiple dilated small bowel loops proximal to the atresia and the number of dilated loops increase as point of atresia becomes more distal.

Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Types, Prognosis. Bowel Obstruction or Intestinal Obstruction: This malformation in the small intestine causes eighty percent of the patients to vomit a bitter, yellow-green secretion of the liver bile. Martin and Zerella proposed a classification of jejunal atresia into 5 types according to anatomic appearance: Neonates typically present with abdominal distension and bilious vomiting within the first 24 hours of birth. Causes, Pathophysiology, Symptoms, Treatment.

Prior to the operation, all babies must be stabilized. The risk of transmitting the disease to the children of a couple, both of whom are carriers for a recessive disorder, is 25 percent.