Edge Adaptive Image Steganography Based on LSB Matching Revisited. Article ( PDF Available) in IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics. In this paper, we expand the LSB matching revisited image steganography and propose an edge adaptive scheme which can select the. Journal of Computer Applications (JCA) ISSN: , Volume IV, Issue 1, Edge Adaptive Image Steganography Based On LSB Matching Revisited 1 .

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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Reviisted the secret bit does not match the LSB of popular type of steganographic algorithms in the spatial the domain.

However, we find that in most existing approaches, the cover image, then or is randomly added to the corresponding choice of embedding positions within a cover image mainly pixel value. Statistically, the probability of increasing or depends on a pseudorandom number generator without decreasing for each modified pixel value is the same and so considering the relationship between the image content itself and the size of the secret message.

Therefore, the common hiding even at a low embedding rate, and this will lead to poor approaches used to detect LSB replacement are totally visual quality and low security based on our analysis and ineffective at detecting the LSBM. Up to now, several extensive experiments, especially for those images with many steganalytic algorithms e. Unlike LSB replacement and revisited image steganography and propose an edge adaptive LSBM, which deal with the pixel values independently, LSB scheme which can select the embedding regions according to the matching revisited LSBMR [1] uses a pair of pixels as an size of secret message and the difference between two embedding unit, in which the LSB of the first pixel carries consecutive pixels in the cover image.

For lower embedding rates, only sharper edge regions are used while keeping the one bit of secret message, and the relationship odd—even other smoother regions as they are.

Edge Adaptive Image Steganography Based on LSB Matching Revisited – Semantic Scholar

When the embedding rate combination of the two pixel values carries another bit bzsed increases, more edge regions can be released adaptively for data secret message. In such a way, the modification rate of pixels hiding by adjusting just a few parameters.

Keywords- can decrease from 0. It is also shown that such a new scheme can avoid the LSB replacement style asymmetry, and thus it should make the detection slightly more mathcing than I.


The pixel-value differencing PVD -based hidden secret messages in those stego media. If there exists a scheme e. The larger guessing, the steganographic system is considered broken.

In the difference, the larger the number of secret bits that can be this paper, we consider stegqnography images as covers and steganograhy. Usually, PVD-based approaches can provide a investigate an adaptive and secure data hiding scheme in the larger embedding capacity.

Assuming that a cover image is spatial least-significant-bit LSB domain. LSB replacement made up of many no overlapping small sub images regions is a well-known steganographic method. In this embedding based on a predetermined rule, then different regions rebisited scheme, only the LSB plane of the cover image is overwritten have different capacities for hiding the message. Generally, with the secret bit stream according to a pseudorandom the regions located at the sharper edges present more number generator PRNG.

As a result, steagnography structural complicated statistical features and are highly dependent on asymmetry never decreasing even pixels and increasing odd the image contents.

In this paper, we propose an edge pixels when hiding the data is introduced, and thus it is very adaptive scheme and apply it to the LSBMR-based method. Section II embedding rate using some reported steganalytic algorithms. Section III shows the details of data embedding and data extraction in our scheme. Section IV presents experimental results and discussions. Finally, concluding remarks and future.

Manuscript received May 14, The flow diagram of our proposed bsaed is illustrated in Ms. Finally, it does some number of elements in the set of. Otherwise the scheme needs to revise the Parameters, and then repeats Step 3: For each unitwe perform the data hiding according to the following four cases.

Please note that stdganography parameters may be different for different ; image content and secret message. In data extraction, the where and denote two secret bits to be embedded. The scheme first extracts the side information from the stego function is defined as. Based on the side information, it then does some thepixel pair after data hiding.

Edge Adaptive Image Steganography Based on LSB Matching Revisited

After the revisired modifications, preprocessing and identifies the regions that have been used and may be out ofor the new difference may be less than the for data adaptiive.


Finally, it obtains the secret message threshold. In such cases,1 we need to readjust them as according to the corresponding extraction algorithm. The details of the data embedding and data extraction algorithms are as follows. Data Embedding Step 1: The cover image of size of is first divided into non Finally, we have overlapping blocks of pixels. The resulting image is rearranged as a row vector Step 4: After data hiding, the resulting image is divided into by raster scanning.

And then the vector is divided into non non overlapping blocks. The blocks are then rotated by a overlapping embedding units with every two consecutive random number of degrees based on. The process is very pixels, where, assuming is an adaptivw number.

Two benefits can similar to Step 1 except that the random degrees are opposite. First, it can prevent the Then we embed the two parameters into a preset region detector from getting the correct embedding units without the which has not been used for data hiding. The first one is the rotation key, and thus security is improved. Furthermore, block size for block dividing in data preprocessing; another is both horizontal and vertical edges pixel pairs within the the threshold for embedding region selection.

In all, only 7 matchhing image can be used for data hiding. Therefore, for a III. Let be the set of pixel pairs whose In this paper, an edge adaptive image steganographic scheme absolute differences are greater than or equal to a parameter t in the spatial LSB domain is studied.

In most previous [13] M.

Information and Communication Technology, which can first embed the secret message into the sharper Mar. Furthermore, it is expected that our adaptive Processing Workshop, Sep. Information Hiding,vol. Karunya University, in information — Data mining and Web Services. She has 1 year of experience —, Jun. Engineering during the year At present she is an assistant professor in the Security, Oxford, U. Multimedia and Expo, Jul. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link.

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