murieron aproximadamente personas. Japón fue el centro de un brote de envenenamiento por metilmercurio en la década de los años el año en que se. Hace un año, el 16 de agosto de , entró en vigor el Convenio de Minamata sobre el mercurio, un tratado mundial para proteger la salud. Category:Minamata disease . Choroba z Minamaty; pmswiki Maladìa ëd Minamata; ptwiki Desastre de Minamata; rowiki Accidentul ecologic de la Minamata.

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It was a mysterious sickness of unknown origin that first affected cats, then humans, in that part of Kyushu — and which first become known to the public through an announcement made by a doctor at the company hospital of Shin Nihon Chisso Hiryo New Japan Nitrogenous Fertilizer Co. As an environmentalist, from afar in Canada I followed it as best I could, although every time I did so it stirred a helpless rage deep in my guts.

I had a black-and-white poster on the wall of that office, just one. With the main source of pollution stopped and the toxic sludge contained, life seems to be returning to the seas around Minamata, where I was told corals, shellfish, fish and marine plants are thriving.

Soon, 54 more cases were admitted, and there were 17 deaths.

It is a place of ongoing research where the story of Minamata is laid out very clearly. As the disease spread, so the fear of a mysterious epidemic fomented that prejudice against sufferers and their families. Last month I was invited to Minamata to give the keynote lecture at a ceremony commemorating the 20th anniversary of the founding of the Minamata Disease Municipal Museum.

Kyushu is a friendly place, and Minamata especially so. Sorry, but resastre browser needs Javascript to use this site.

Un año del Convenio de Minamata sobre el mercurio

Minamata is situated on the beautiful Yatsushiro Sea, which is surrounded by the Kyushu mainland and several islands. In the early days some doctors postulated that it was a new kind of epidemic affecting the central nervous system, while others said it was a hereditary disease.


India’s first elephant hospital cheers animal activists, draws tourists At India’s first hospital for elephants, opened last week in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, year-old Asha placed her left foreleg on a stool for a doctor to attend to an injury while visit Although the surface waters can get very warm in summer due to the mild and pleasant climate, cold, mineral-rich undersea springs of freshwater mingle at the bottom of the inlets and bays with the warmer saltwater, creating a marine environment very suitable for high-quality flounders and other flatfish.

Scenically the area desastte lovely, with a gentle sea great for kayaking in the near-landlocked bay surrounded by densely forested mountains and rolling hills.

Monitoring for mercury pollution still continues in and around the area. Gan Tanigawa, the famous poet and critic, frequently boasted that the best fish in the world came from his home area. New Delhi chokes as pollution levels in Indian capital hit the worst level this year Pollution levels in New Delhi have hit their worst this year in the past dessastre days — earning a “severe” to “emergency” rating and minamats conditions that can spark a public health crisis Japanese doctors went to Ontario to compare notes and to study this Canadian outbreak of mercury poisoning.

Again, as in previous year Based on those test results, in May it was declared that there was no longer any danger of infantile Minamata disease. That was my third visit to Minamata and I felt greatly honored. I became aware of a disease afflicting people kinamata the Minamata area of Kumamoto Prefecture during my first sojourn in Japan in the early s. It was a study by the acclaimed Magnum photographer Eugene Smith of a Japanese mother holding her crippled daughter in the bath — and it remains one of the most moving photos I have ever seen.

I argued that the Minamata disaster was a lesson for the whole world, and that if we did not rigorously protect the environment, then untold suffering would be the result. As might be expected, people there are very conscious of the environment and they actively promote clean industries, such as a plywood factory, recycling companies and so on.

Even today, some of that prejudice lingers on. Part of Minamata’s new waterfront, behind whose retaining wall overlooking Minamata Bay on the Yatsushiro Sea, toxic sludge dredged from the bay is now buried. Inprofessors from Kumamoto University made a formal announcement that the Minamata-area disease was a disease of the nervous system, caused by eating fish and shellfish from Minamata Bay. From toa survey was conducted that involved testing the umbilical cords of 1, embryos and the hair of infants for mercury.


There was terrible, and totally unjust, prejudice against victims.

File:Minamata map illustrating Chisso factory effluent – Wikimedia Commons

When I visited recently, my hosts again assured me that locally caught fish were safe to eat, so we enjoyed sashimi. A long, sad, disgraceful debacle followed, with countless protests and trials, all well documented. The area was famous for the quality and variety of its seafood. Victims would tremble uncontrollably, experience numbness in their limbs, tunnel vision, horrible convulsions and great pain.

Although the Chisso company refuted this, experiments carried out on cats at the company hospital confirmed the suspicions. Under it I had printed the words: Inwhen I was once again in Japan studying Japanese and fisheries and when I first met TanigawaI started to hear rumors from Canada about a disease similar to Minamata disease affecting First Nations peoples in Ontario.

File:Minamata map illustrating Chisso factory effluent routes2.png

All those years — and back since soon after World War II, in fact — the factory had been discharging methylmercury, which attacks the brain and the central nervous system, into Minamata Bay via Hyakken Harbor.

Can humanity learn from past mistakes? To hear these people is a very moving experience. In their announcement they added: People could not change jobs, were refused marriage, were socially shunned.

If you’re not sure how to activate it, please refer to this site: Eventually, the Grassy Narrows and Whitedog First Nations sought compensation for loss of health, jobs and way of life.