The book by “Christoph Luxenberg” came out in in Germany with the title ” Die Syro-Aramäische Lesart des Koran” (“A Syro-Aramaic Reading of the. Understandably the author’s name ‘Christoph Luxenberg’ is a nom de plume of a professor in Semitic languages at a German university, according to articles in. Christoph Luxenberg: “Die syro-aramäische Lesart des Koran: Ein Beitrag zur Entschlüsselung der Koransprache” [“The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran: a .

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Besides these variants early Islamic literature also mentions a lot of alternative readings that do not belong to the canonical texts. Western research on the Koran, which has been conducted in a systematic manner only since about the middle of the 19th century, has always taken as its base the commentaries of the Arab scholars.

Journal of Qur’anic StudiesVol.

It presupposes belief in the Scriptures, and thus functioned merely as an inroad into Arabic society. This is called a morphological calque the German Fernseher is a morfological calque of television ; A correct Arabic expression, the meaning of which has now been lost, which may still have been preserved in old Syriac literature and lexica; A correct Arabic expression written in Arabic script, but in Syriac orthography, which might thus be easily misunderstood.

A wide spectrum of possibilities can be found in various translations: This preposition generally does not mean ‘on top of’, ‘upon’. Achtergronden en overwegingen bij mijn Qur’anvertaling’, in: Of these passages it is said that only Kuxenberg can comprehend them.

The same Arabic word, or derivations of it, occur elsewhere in the Qur’an During lxuenberg first centuries of Islam many scholars studied its text, vocabulary, grammar, style and historical and biographical background in order to estabish how the Qur’an had to be understood. Early Islamic linguists, and since the 19 th century also western scholars of Islam, have discovered loanwords in the Qur’an derived from various languages, mainly from Syriac. When this is written in Arabic letters in rasmso without the diacritical dots: School of History, Archaeology and Religion.


At the battle of Yamama, under the first caliph Abu Bakr ADso many victims fell among the ones that knew the Qur’an by heart that Abu Bakr ordered Muhammad’s secretary, Zaid ibn Thabit, to codify a complete Qur’an.

The Virgins and the Grapes: the Christian Origins of the Koran

Een recensie van Ch. Luxenberg is pushing the etymological fallacy to its natural conclusion. In both ancient Aramaic and in at least one respected dictionary of early Arabic hur means “white raisin. As ‘difficult’ he defines those passages that have been recognised as such by western translators or that have been called so by Tabari AD in his extensive tafsir.

For more than a millennium Aramaic was the lingua franca in the entire Middle Eastern region before being gradually displaced by Arabic beginning in the 7th century. There are two forms of the word: For this he uses a relatively simple and strict method. But in an era in which Arabic was just an assembly of dialects and had no written form, the missionaries had no choice but to resort to their own literary language and their own culture; that is, to Syro-Aramaic.

The Virgins and the Grapes: the Christian Origins of the Koran

Promptly the sale of the issue was lhxenberg in Pakistan and Bangla Desh. Whether Luxenberg’s readings are better than the traditional ones can to some extent even be decided by someone who does not speak Arabic by looking at the new translations he offers. It fits the biblical story, as it was known in the 7 th century Syriac version, much better.

To complete the problem other, non-canonical, variants have been recorded in early Islamic literature: The word ‘in is traditionally seen as the plural of the word for ‘eye’ and is translated by ‘wide-eyed’. The conclusion he draws from this has several ‘layers’: And those positive results are ordered in a discourse that has its own structure and goal. It is not just the findings of this study that have led to this insight.


The reason for this disappointing news? Luxenberg accuses Western academic scholars of the Qur’an of taking a timid and imitative approach, relying too heavily on the work of Luxenebrg scholars. Furthermore, when the Qur’an was codified a script was used in which several consonants shared the same signs.

That cryptic phrase works more or less in the same way that luxenberh cheese’ can describe an chritoph person in English. Sandro Magister, “L’espresso”, via C.


This story is also known among Jews and Christians, althought the victim in their version is Isaac, the father of all Israelites. Patricia Croneprofessor of Islamic history at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, in a article at opendemocracy. We cannot go into the technical details of his methodology but it allows Luxenberg, to the probable horror of all Muslim males dreaming of sexual bliss in the Muslim hereafter, to conjure away the wide-eyed houris promised to the faithful in suras Chridtoph.

Just 7 signs in this alphabet, called rasmare unequivocal. This however seems a funny way to indicate a forehead.

Copies of Uthman’s version were sent to all corners of the Islamic realm and by his order all other Qur’anic codices had to be destroyed.

Already at the beginning of his book Luxenberg creates the impression that the Luxenbeeg was actually a reworked Christian text by putting forward that Qur’an actually means ‘Lectionary’, a collection of texts to be read in the Christian liturgy.

This means ‘which he has demarcated’. What is meant by Syro-Aramaic actually Syriac is the branch of Aramaic in the Near East originally spoken in Edessa and the surrounding area in Northwest Mesopotamia and predominant as a written language from Christianization to the origin of the Koran.