Its botanical name was in recent years changed to Carissa congesta Wight (syn. C. carandas Auct., formerly widely shown as C. carandas L.). It is called kerenda . Carissa carandas L. [excluded] Show All Show Tabs karanda. General Information. Symbol: CACA Group: Dicot. Family: Apocynaceae. Duration. Synonym. Carissa salicina Lam. Synonym. Echites spinosus Burm.f. Synonym. Jasminonerium carandas (L.) Kuntze. Synonym. Jasminonerium salicinum (Lam.) .

Author: Shakamuro Gardasho
Country: Poland
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Relationship
Published (Last): 28 March 2015
Pages: 12
PDF File Size: 4.79 Mb
ePub File Size: 3.92 Mb
ISBN: 227-1-64191-129-1
Downloads: 43062
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Arakasa

An ellipsoid berry; tinged red, ripening dark blue; seeds 4, ellipsoid, glabrous. Energy 46 kcal; carbohydrate Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. Caranxas partner Strand Life Sciences. Search in all groups Search within this group. Species specific search options Taxon Hierarchy. Observation specific search options Observed during. Document specific search options Title.

User specific search options User. User Group specific search options Title. Checklists specific search options Observed during. Caranras portal will be unavailable all day on Sunday 23rd Dec for maintenance. Or, Login with your user account:. Remember me Forgot password? Message The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you. Send a request for permission. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public.

A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Armed shrubs, latex milky, dichotomously branched, spines forked at apex, 4. Leaves 6 x 3. Cymes axillary and terminal, corymbose, puberulus; flowers white; calyx 5-lobed, 2. Nomenclature and Classification Nomenclature and Classification. Assam State Biodiversity Board, Guwahati. Defines and describes life history of a living organism, meaning the course of obligatory developmental transformations in an organism from fertilised zygote to maturity.

Also discusses timing, though morphology of each form would be better placed in the field for Morphology. Curated for upload by Pranjal Mahananda. Describes biorhythms – those states or conditions carandqs by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. It could also cover phenomena such as “plant flowering” or “chewing rates”. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately.


A large shrub having paired sometime branched stout, spreading spines up to 2 inch long. Leaves oblong, distinctly nerved. Flowers scented, in corymbose cyme. Mostly planted, sometime found as escape in the forest.

Describes the general appearance of the taxon; e. May be referred to as or include habit, defined as the characteristic mode of growth or occurrence associated to its environment, particularly for plants.

Comprising its size, shape, texture and orientation. May also be referred to include anatomy. The plant is a sprawling semi-vine shrub about 1. Leaves are inches long, very dark green, shiny and opposite and they have large spines.

If the leaves or stems are injured, the white milky sap is seen, which is characteristic of this group of plants. The flowers are small, fragrant, white in colour and about 3.

The fruits are small and purplish to black in colour. The fruit size is variable, but most fruits are about 3. Fruits usually occur in clusters somewhat resembling large purple grapes. Flower Caranads terminal or axillary, 2 to 3-chotomous cymes;white, showy.

Fruit An ellipsoid berry; tinged red, ripening dark blue; seeds 4, ellipsoid, glabrous. Field tips Bark yellowish-brown. Young fruits green coloured and tinged with red. Seeds are dispersed by birds.

Food plant of Olive green Hawkmouth. Fruits edible and pickled. Wood used to make combs and spoons, thorny branches used as fencing material. General description of the sites where the species is found ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities feeding, mating, etc.

Carissa carandas – Useful Tropical Plants

Common in plains and scrub jungles along river banks upto m. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. Found in deciduous forest from plains to m. India, Sri Lanka and Myanmar. Assam, Meghalaya Local Distribution Assam.

Occurrence Occurrence Occurrence Records. The current map showing distribution of species is only indicative. Related observations Show all. Demography and Conservation Demography and Conservation. Uses and Management Uses and Management Uses. Fruits are either eaten raw or prepared pickle from it. They are known to have antiscorbutic properties. Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc.


It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted.

Can include ecosystem services. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement what happens when the organism is removed. Fruits are edible, the immature fruits are pickled.

The thorny branches are used for fencing.

India Biodiversity Portal

Ripe fruits are taken raw or dried. The mature fruits are harvested for pickles. It contains pectin and accordingly is a useful ingredient in jelly, jam, syrup carisssa chutney. Nutritional Value Energy 46 kcal; carbohydrate The fruits are used in the treatment of skin infections carxndas leaves are remedy for fevers, ear-ache and syphilitic pain.

It is also reported to have gut- stimulatory effect and thus is useful in the treatment of constipation and diarrhoea.

Plants Profile for Carissa carandas (karanda)

Traditionally, it has also been reportedly used as stomachic and anti-helmintic; the stems are also used to strengthen tendons. It also possesses analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. Encyclopedia of Life EOL. II, Add Add References: Field Assessments in the Moyar Area Desc: Host range of meliolaceous fungi in India Desc: The order Meliolales comprises two families, namely, Armatellaceae and Meliolaceae.

Black mildews of Kodagu, Karnataka, India Desc: The systematic survey of the foliicolous fungi of Kodagu was initiated by one of the authors VBH Lepidoptera diversity of four sacred groves of Goa, India Desc: The butterfly diversity of four sacred groves in Goa, viz.

Angiosperm diversity in Doaba region of Punjab, India Desc: The angiosperms diversity was studied in Doaba region of Punjab, India. A total of species belo Choice of useful plant species from forests for domestication has been found to start simultaneo